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Exporting Corruption 2022

Assessing enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention from Transparency International for 2022

Bribery of foreign public officials by multinational companies gives them illicit profits, with huge costs and consequences across the globe. Foreign bribery diverts resources, undermines democracy and the rule of law, and distorts markets. The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention requires parties to prohibit and enforce against foreign bribery. This report assesses the enforcement efforts of 47 leading export countries in the period 2018-2021.

Portugal has been classified with Limited Enforcement. with only two investigations opened, but no cases with sanctions. Main deficiencies are an inadequate definition of foreign bribery; deficiencies in the law on the liability of legal persons; and inadequate sanctions for legal persons.

There is also a lack of human and financial resources for investigations and in the court system, as well as alack of expertise and training on the enforcement of economic crimes. The sluggishness and complexity of the judicial system is also an obstacle to the effective prosecution of corruption.

Data Sources: Exporting Corruption 2022: Assessing Enforcement from Transparency International


Analysis of Transparency International’s 2021 Corruption Perception Index (CPI)

Analysis of the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) in the 27 EU member states

Analysis of MEPs’ performance ahead of the European elections on May 26, 2019

Analysis of the absences of deputies to plenary sessions of the Portuguese Parliament in the XIII and XIV legislative periods.